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ساز شناسی - محل قرار گیری نت ها روی خطوط موسیقی
دوشنبه 1 آذر 1389  06:25 ب.ظ
توسط: shahriar B

خیلی ها که موسیقی را شروع می کنند ، در اول کار با این بخش کار خیلی مشکل دارند.

شناسایی محل قرارگیری هر نت روی خطوط حامل موسیقی کار دشواری نیست. فقط کافی است که ترتیب نت ها را بلد باشیم. اگر ترتیب نتها را بلد باشیم می توانیم با دانستن محل یک نت روی خطوط حامل موسیقی ، جای دیگر نت ها روی دیگر خطهای حامل موسیقی را نیز بفهیمیم.

محل قرارگیری نت ها روی خطوط موسیقی
الفبای موسیقی را می توان روی پنج خط موازی نشان داد. نام این خطوط پنج خط حامل است. نت ها می توانند در این پنج خط روی خطوط یا میان آنها نیز قرار بگیرند.

 


نت های موسیقی  از پایین به بالا چیده می شوند و هر چه محل قرار گیری نت ها بالاتر باشد ، صدای نت زیرتر می شود ؛ یا به عبارتی نت ها هر چه پایین تر باشند صدای بمتری دارند. در شکل زیر می توانید محل قرار گیری نت ها را روی پنج خط حامل موسیقی مشاهده کنید. همچنین باید یادآور شد که روی 5 خط اصلی در موسیقی تنها 11 نت قرار می گیرند :


خطوط تکمیلی روی پنج خط حامل

بطور کلی نت های موسیقی حدودا 60 عدد می باشند. معمولا روی سازهای غربی و خارجی می توان این تعداد نت را اجرا کرد (سازهایی مانند پیانو). امّا روی سازهای ایرانی تا حداکثر می توان 30 نت را اجرا نمود (سازهایی مانند تار یا سه تار) ؛ باتوجه به این گفته نمی توان همهء نت های موسیقی را روی خطوط حامل موسیقی جای داد ؛ بهمین دلیل در زیر یا بالای 5 خط حامل خطوط شکسته ای قرار می دهند که می توان توسط آنها نتهای بیشتری را نوشت و اجرا کرد. اسامی این نت ها مانند قبل می باشد و صدای این نتها –آنگونه که گفته شد- هر چه پایین تر باشد بم تر و هرچه بسمت بالا حرکت کند زیر تر می شود.


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